The town of Fagaras is situated in a place where history is overlapped in a happy way with geography. The impressive wall of the Fagaras Mountains (Transylvanian Alps) surrounds the South of Fagaras. In the North, the Olt River and the hills complete the belt surrounding the city.
Undoubtedly the most important element of the Complex at Sambata de Sus is the Brancoveanu Monastery of Sambata de Sus. Situated on the river Sambata, at the foot of the Fagaras Mountains, the monastery is renowned as a place of silence, comfort and strengthening of mind for believers and visitors who halt or pray in the sanctuary.
History begins at Brancoveanu Monastery in the XVI century through indirect testimonies by stating the existence of monks at the monastery here in various acts, dispersed, the first direct evidence we have dating since 1654, when the village and the estate of the above have entered into Preda Brancoveanu's possession, a nobleman from the southern Carpathians.
The monastery has a renowned glass paintings workshop. It is necessary to show that the school of painters, founded by Brancoveanu at Sambata, has defined here the Brancoveanu style, first in murals of the churches in this part of the country, whose swing was the Fagaras Country, then in painting on wood and architecture. The glass painting workshop is one of the most important centers of painting on glass in the country, being led by Father Archdeacon Calinic Morar. Here, are painted both new and traditional paintings on glass.
The Brancoveanu Monastery Museum has one of the richest collections of ancient paintings on glass, belonging to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the vast majority performed in the way "people's naive", sculptures in wood predominating Brancoveanu style, bishop and priest vestments, a unique collection old books, manuscripts, parchment, writing and a valuable collection of religious objects.
On the west side of the enclosure is the eternal resting place of the last metropolitans of Transylvania Nicolae Balan, Nicolae Colan, Nicolae Mladin and Antonie Plamadeala.
Let us mention the Academy at Sambata de Sus built between the years of 1997-2003 under the direction of IPS Dr. Antonie Plamadeala inaugurated on the day of “Adormirea Maicii Domnuluiand in 2003. There are seminars and meetings between clergy and parishioners from around the world. There is a modern conference hall, exhibition of religious paintings and books are almost always hosted. Over time the monastery was visited by numerous personalities from the country and beyond. For more details visit www.manastireabrancoveanu.ro.
Since the middle Ages there were a number of medieval Orthodox monasteries in this area as a symbol of Romanism, besides the Brancoveanu Monastery of Sambata de Sus. Some of them were destroyed over the centuries by humans, by the Austro-Hungarian soldiers did not want a perpetuation of orthodoxy on these lands. Others were destroyed by natural causes, the monks who took refuge in them being forced to leave by the same Austro-Hungarian soldiers.
In recent years many have been rebuilt or new ones were built on the location of the old ones. Thus we have the Orthodox monasteries Berivoi, Dejan, Bucium Galati. They are monuments of traditional architecture. Constructed of wood or brick, they impress and delight with their external and internal architecture. Interior paintings and decorations may constitute grounds for excitement. They can be considered tourist attractions worth visiting for anyone passing through the Fagaras Country.
The Church in the Rock from Sinca Veche may be another tourist attraction in the region. Here is an old monastery carved in stone.
There are a number of localities that have a fortified Saxon church, built in the Middle Ages.
They were used as places of prayer and food stores in peacetime, but were rapidly converted into fortresses that housed the local community in case of attack.
Each such church was surrounded by a high wall and massive stone and wood with observation towers and battlements.
Also near walls or in the courtyard, there were buildings of stone or wood with a role in storage of ammunition or food.
Thus in the locality of Cincu there is a monument of fortified architecture, considered one of the most valuable achievements of the medieval Transylvanian architecture, dating from the XIII century. Traces of old windows with Romanesque arches and a frieze longer see today.
In Cincsor there is another fortified church in good condition, church dating from the fourteenth century or the fifteenth century.
In Rodbav there is another Saxon church, also a century-old oak forest, oak floristic inventory that is in the national heritage.
Read more about fortified churcheswww.info-transylvania.com
Known by locals as "Guruiete" are seven mounds of earth, perched on a hill near the village of Sona.
There are many legends about these Guruiete. Because these pyramids are located three on one side and four on the other, some say about them that it would be the work of the giants of old people, others believe that they are only a caprice of nature.
Over the years the story of Guruietelor from Sona reached the ears of archaeologists. Because they are covered with vegetation, they can be likened with the pyramids as the Celts and Scythians barrows their burying the towns, along with a whole hoard of weapons and ornaments. How these people have gone on our lands, the tendency of archeologists was to identify them with barrows. More about them, archaeologists have found pottery from the late Bronze Age and Hallstat period, dating 1,200 years ago.
Four pyramids like these near the village of Sona exist also in Halmeag. They are not well delineated, being eroded by wind. Also near the village of Bunesti exist Guruiete and around them were found traces of Dacian dwelling and a terrace similar to that in Sona, where are located the seven mounds.
There are some theories that appeared over time, trying to prove that the pyramids are not just the nature's caprice. It is possible that they are parts of the "magic triangles", the remaining time of the Dacians, as a kind of invisible lines that cross the Carpathians, between the cities and shrines of our ancestors. In those geometric shapes would enter the capital of Dacia-Sarmisegetusa, red stone fortress, sanctuary of Racos, Temple of Sinca Veche, the Omu Peak and Guruietele from Sona.
In the village Vad, Sercaia region, about 25 km from Fagaras, lays the natural reserve "Dumbrava Vad", better known as the "Daffodil Glade".
The Daffodil Festival, an ethnology and folklore festival is taking place on the feast of the Saints Constantine and Helen.
This magnificent place is the only natural reservation of its kind in Europe, stretching over an area of 400 hectares. Daffodils are left free to grow in their entire splendor, but in the nature reserve you are not allowed to collect them. The Transylvanian traditions and meals to match, flowers are all you can admire and taste if you go to Daffodil Festival in the Daffodil Glade. Narcissus glades extend for more than 300 hectares, and in some places there are over 150 flowers per square meter.
High mountains that surround in the south Fagaras, mountains that have snow on their peaks even in late summer, hills, pastures with sheep, fast flowing mountain waters, or rivers flowing through valleys between the hills make the environment particularly beautiful.
The asphalt roads that unite communities from the region pass through a charming landscape.
Any nature lover should do at least one visit in Fagaras. Hikers or bikers through the villages of Fagaras are welcome relaxation after weeks of working in a big city or small.